Details

Scientific Progress


Scientific Progress

A Study Concerning the Nature of the Relation Between Successive Scientific Theories
Synthese Library, Band 153 4th ed. 2007

von: Craig Dilworth

71,39 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 18.09.2007
ISBN/EAN: 9781402063541
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 306

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Beschreibungen

Kuhn and Feyerabend formulated the problem, Dilworth provides the solution. In the fourth edition of this highly original book, Craig Dilworth answers the questions raised by the incommensurability thesis. Logical empiricism cannot account for theory conflict. Popperianism cannot account for how one theory is a progression beyond another. Dilworth’s Perspectivist conception of science covers both bases with a concept of scientific progress based on both rationalism and empiricism.
This book gives a complete overview of how the different views of scientific progress have developed since the time of the Vienna Circle. In the process, it introduces a completely new, non-relativistic philosophy of science.
Kuhn and Feyerabend formulated the problem. Dilworth provides the solution.
In this highly original and insightful book, Craig Dilworth answers all the questions raised by the incommensurability thesis. Logical empiricism cannot account for theory conflict. Popperianism cannot account for how one theory is a progression beyond another. Dilworth’s Perspectivist conception of science does both.
While remaining within the bounds of classical philosophy of science, Dilworth does away with the logicism of his competitors. On the Perspectivist view theory conflict is not contradiction, and theory superiority does not consist in deductive subsumption or set-theoretic inclusion. Here the relation between theories is analogous to the application of individual concepts, and the question of theory superiority becomes one of relative applicability. In this way Dilworth succeeds in providing a conception of science in which scientific progress is based on both rational and empirical considerations.
The Deductive Model.- The Basis Of The Logical Empiricist Conception Of Science.- The Basis Of The Popperian Conception Of Science.- The Logical Empiricist Conception Of Scientific Progress.- The Popperian Conception Of Scientific Progress.- Popper, Lakatos, And The Transcendence Of The Deductive Model.- Kuhn, Feyerabend, And In Commensurability.- The Gestalt Model.- The Perspectivist Conception Of Science.- Development Of The Perspectivist Conception In The Context Of The Kinetic Theory Of Gases.- The Set-Theoretic Conception Of Science.- Application Of The Perspectivist Conception To The Views Of Newton, Kepler And Galileo.
Kuhn and Feyerabend formulated the problem. Dilworth provides the solution.

In this highly original and insightful book, Craig Dilworth answers all the questions raised by the incommensurability thesis. Logical empiricism cannot account for theory conflict. Popperianism cannot account for how one theory is a progression beyond another. Dilworth’s Perspectivist conception of science does both.

While remaining within the bounds of classical philosophy of science, Dilworth does away with the logicism of his competitors. On the Perspectivist view theory conflict is not contradiction, and theory superiority does not consist in deductive subsumption or set-theoretic inclusion. Here the relation between theories is analogous to the application of individual concepts, and the question of theory superiority becomes one of relative applicability. In this way Dilworth succeeds in providing a conception of science in which scientific progress is based on both rational and empirical considerations.

"[Dilworth] convincingly works out how from his point of view it is possible to explain the conflict between two theories as an incompatibility of perspectives, and at the same time avoid sliding into relativism by giving criteria for scientific progress." Dialectica
Provides the only solution to the problem of scientific progress that accounts for both conflict and progress
Introduces a completely new, non-relativistic philosophy of science
Provides a deep but concise critical overview of the whole of twentieth-century philosophy of science
Expresses the most sophisticated form of perspectivism in philosophy
Involves the most sophisticated use of the Gestalt-switch phenomenon in philosophy

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